Who Spoke (revised Nov 2017)
We know that God the Father spoke in New Testament times to confirm Christ’s authority. But was He also the one who spoke in Old Testament times?
When the Father Spoke
There were at least three occasions recorded in the New Testament when the Father spoke in the first person from Heaven:
The first was at Christ’s baptism, when the Father said, “…This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.” (Matthew 3:16-17 see also Mark 1:11).
The second was during the transfiguration when Peter, John and James heard the Father’s voice, “While he yet spake, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him.” (Matthew 17:5, see also Mark 9:1-10, Luke 9:28-36 and II peter 1:17-18).
The third time was just a few days prior to Christ’s crucifixion when Philip and Andrew brought some Greeks to Him and He spoke to the Father and received a reply that was heard by Philip and Andrew and others who stood by, “And there were certain Greeks among them that came up to worship at the feast: The same came therefore to Philip, which was of Bethsaida of Galilee, and desired him, saying, Sir, we would see Jesus. Philip cometh and telleth Andrew: and again Andrew and Philip tell Jesus. And Jesus answered them, saying, The hour is come, that the Son of man should be glorified. Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit. He that loveth his life shall lose it; and he that hateth his life in this world shall keep it unto life eternal. If any man serve me, let him follow me; and where I am, there shall also my servant be: if any man serve me, him will my Father honour. Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I unto this hour. Father, glorify thy name. Then came there a voice from heaven, saying, I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again. The people therefore, that stood by, and heard it, said that it thundered: others said, An angel spake to him. Jesus answered and said, This voice came not because of me, but for your sakes.” (John 12:20-30).
No One Has Seen the Father
On these three occasions God the Father spoke to bare witness of Christ to His family, friends and believers. But to the religious authorities of the time who had confronted Him to question His authority, He said, “But I have greater witness than that of John: for the works which the Father hath given me to finish, the same works that I do, bear witness of me, that the Father hath sent me. And the Father himself, which hath sent me, hath borne witness of me. Ye have neither heard his voice at any time, nor seen his shape.” (John 5:36-37). Christ spoke specifically the Jewish religious authorities saying that they had never heard the Father’s voice nor seen Him. Others had heard the Father speak but no man had ever seen the Father at any time other than Christ, “Not that any man hath seen the Father, save he which is of God, he hath seen the Father.” (John 6:46).
In Ancient Times
If no man has ever seen God the Father then who did those people in ancient times see and hear?
Adam and Eve talked with God face to face. The fact that they tried to hide from Him when He was walking in the Garden of Eden indicates that they could see God. They certainly heard His voice, “And the LORD God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou? And he (Adam) said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid,” (Genesis 3:9-10). God spoke to Noah and his sons, “And God spake unto Noah, and to his sons” (Genesis 9:8). He spoke to Abraham, “And God said unto Abraham,” (Genesis 17:9, also verse 15) as if he were a friend,“...and he (Abraham) was called the Friend of God.” (James 2:23).
God spoke to Moses, Aaron and Miriam together, “And the LORD spake suddenly unto Moses, and unto Aaron, and unto Miriam” (Numbers 12:4). He also spoke to Moses face to face as a friend, “And the LORD spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend.” (Exodus 33:11). And He allowed Moses to see Him, “My servant Moses... ...With him will I speak mouth to mouth, even apparently, and not in dark speeches; and the similitude of the LORD shall he behold: wherefore then were ye not afraid to speak against my servant Moses?” (Numbers 12:7-8).
Jacob saw God face to face and wrestled with Him, “And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved.” (Genesis 32:30).
If this was not God the Father whom no man has seen, then who did they see?
The LORD is One
The Jews believe that there is only one God whom they claim to be the Father. They base their belief on the often quoted passage called the Shema, which says, “Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD: And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.” (Deuteronomy 6:4-5).
But a closer look at the Shema reveals something different. The primary subject the phrase the “LORD our God is one LORD” is the LORD (Yehovah) and there is only one Yehovah or LORD. The name God is not the primary subject and the words “our God” merely qualify that the LORD (Yehovah) is Israel’s God. The Hebrew word translated as ‘God’ is elohiym which is plural and refers to the deity that is comprised of more than one member but includes Jehovah. The LORD who is one divine being is part of a deity that comprises two beings as we shall see.
Both the Jews and the majority of the Christian community believe that the God of the Old Testament is the Father. But on the issue of whether God is more than one divine being they differ. The Jews maintain that God is one while many Christians believe in a trinity. Because of this confusion we will provide further biblical proof to support the concept that the deity God comprises more than one divine being and that God the Father is not the God of the Old Testament.
God is More Than One
In the very first Book of the Bible Moses reiterates God’s proclamation to create mankind using pronouns such as ‘us’ and ‘our’. This indicates that more one being was involved in the creation process, “And God said: ‘Let us make man in our image, after our likeness.’” (Genesis 1:26). The Jewish Publication Society (JPS), TANAKH Translation uses the same form of plural pronouns. However, the authors of that publication claim that plural pronouns were justified because created angelic beings (not gods) were in attendance at the time. Ezekiel 28:15 indicates the Cherubim of whom the King of Tyre was a type, was created. Also Psalm 148:1-5 includes angels among those God created. And indeed the Apostle Paul mentions “an innumerable company of angels” associated with heavenly Jerusalem in Hebrews 12:22.
The Apostle John also saw a vision, in which there were elders in attendance around a heavenly throne who are assumed to be angelic which seems to support their view, “...behold, a throne was set in heaven, and one sat on the throne. And he that sat was to look upon like a jasper and a sardine stone: and there was a rainbow round about the throne, in sight like unto an emerald. And round about the throne were four and twenty seats: and upon the seats I saw four and twenty elders sitting, clothed in white raiment; and they had on their heads crowns of gold.” (Revelation 4:2-4).
Although there were angelic beings in attendance at God’s throne, this does not preclude the possibility of another divine being as part of the deity. In fact John confirmed that there was another divine being present with God from the beginning who was not an angel, “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. In him was life; and the life was the light of men.” (John 1:1-4). The Word was with God and He was God! In other words He was part of the deity known as ‘God’. The deity can be described as a ‘Godhead’ comprising two divine beings; God the Father who presided over the Godhead and God the Word who spoke and acted on behalf of the Godhead. In the New Testament Paul used the term Godhead when he said that Christ acted with its the full authority, “For in him (Christ) dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead (deity) bodily.” (Colossians 2:9 see also Acts 17:29 and Romans 1:20).
Many are confused about the role of the Holy Spirit. Trinitarians maintain that the Holy Spirit is a third divine being of the Godhead, but there is no biblical evidence that the Holy Spirit is a person, or that there is a third member of the Godhead. The Holy Spirit is the very essence, mind and nature of God the Father. The Father is a spirit being. His divine nature is holy. He is Holy Spirit! It is same divine, holy nature that is found in Christ. They are both Holy Spirit! That is what Christ meant when He said, “…the Father is in me, and I in him” (John 10:38). He had the same divine nature, mind essence and power as His Father. He said to the Jews, “I and my Father are one.” (John 10:30). And to His disciples He said, “…he that hath seen me (Christ) hath seen the Father” (John 14:9). After the crucifixion He was resurrected to spirit. Both Christ and the Father are holy and they are both spirit. They are Holy Spirit! The words holy and spirit refer to a state of being rather than a living person. Human beings can become holy (I Peter 1:16) and will eventually be raised as spirit (II Corinthians 4:14). They too will be Holy Spirit! The Holy Spirit is not a third person of the Godhead.
In addition to the two divine beings that make up the Godhead there is a heavenly host of created angelic beings including twenty-four elders who are in attendance. In his forward-looking vision the Apostle John saw the throne of the Father and the Lamb. No mention is made of the presence of a third being, “And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.” (Revelation 22:1). Nor is there any mention of a third being when Christ hands the Kingdom over to the Father, “And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him (the Father), that God may be all in all.” (I Corinthians 15:28). There is no mention of the Holy Spirit as a separate person.
The LORD and the Word
The plural pronouns used in Genesis 1:26 strongly support the concept that the deity we call ‘God’ comprised more than one divine being. We have established that there is the Father who presides over all and a divine being whom we know as the ‘God’, or LORD of the Old Testament. We have also seen in the New Testament that a divine being known as the Word was with God and was God. This raises the question of whether the God of the Old Testament was the Word.
According to Moses the LORD created all things, “These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens,” (Genesis 2:4). And in the New Testament John says that the Word created all things, “All things were made by him (the Word)” (John 1:3). Both are credited with creating all things. It can therefore be concluded that LORD of the Old Testament and the Word were the same divine being. The Word was also called the LORD! He created all things and interacted with mankind. He was also the one who dealt specifically with Israel. He was the LORD their God! He was the God of the Old Testament. For the sake of clarity in this paper we will refer to the God of the Old Testament as the LORD their God, or just as LORD.
The Word Became Christ
John also said that the Word came to this earth in human form, “And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.” (John 1:14). He was Christ, the only begotten son of God whom John also credits with creation, “He (Christ) was in the world, and the world was made by Him and the world knew Him not. He came unto his own, and his own received him not.” (John 1:10-11).
The Word who later became Christ was the one who implemented the creation and interacted with mankind on behalf of the Godhead. Apart from the Father He was the only other divine being of the deity that we call ‘God’ who is identified. In order to bring salvation to mankind He emptied Himself of His power and glory to come to this earth as Jesus Christ the Son of God, “…Christ Jesus: Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.” (Philippians 2:5-8).
As a human being He was able to die, “But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man.” (Hebrews 2:9). He became flesh and blood to sacrifice His life for all humanity, “Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he (Christ) also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage. For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed of Abraham.” (Hebrews 2:14-16). Only as creator, part of the Godhead, could His life be worth more than all of humanity combined.
Through His human existence and sacrifice HHHHe brought salvation to all of mankind, “Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared; Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered; And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him;” (Hebrews 5:7-9). This fulfilled the promise made to Abraham, “and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.” (Genesis 12:3).
Just before He was killed Christ asked the Father to restore the former power and glory that was His before He came to this earth, “And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.” (John 17:5).
Part of the Godhead
Paul confirmed that the Godhead comprises two divine beings. He mentions the Father and Jesus Christ who he also credits with creating all things, “...to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.” (I Corinthians 8:6). Again we read, “(Christ) Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature: For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him: And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.” (Colossians 1:15-17).
Some who will not accept that Jesus Christ had a prior existence maintain that all things were created for Christ, not by Christ (Colossians 1:15-17). They say the Greek word ‘dai’ can be interpreted as ‘for’. But if that were the case then the writer has been inconsistent by using the word ‘eis’ to mean ‘for’ the same phrase – “all things were created by (dai) him, and for (eis) him:”. The use of different Greek words in the same sentence implies different meanings. Most versions say either ‘by him’ or ‘through him’. The sensible interpretation is either, “all things were created by him, and for him:”, or “all things were created through him, and for him:”,
There is no doubt that the Word who was with God was the God, or ‘LORD their God’ and He became Jesus Christ. In other words Christ was the God of the Old Testament. That is why the Father acknowledged Him as God, “But to the Son He says: "But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom. Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows." (Hebrews 1:8-9).
In Old Testament times the Godhead consisted of God the Father and God the Word, who was also known as the LORD their God. In the New Testament age the Godhead comprises the same two divine spirit beings; God the Father and Jesus Christ His Son who was previously known as both the Word and the LORD their God. Contrary to what the Jews believe the LORD their God was not the Father – He was the Word who became Jesus Christ. The Father has always presided supreme over the Godhead but did not personally interact with mankind.
Moses the Intermediary
How did the Jews come to believe the LORD their God was the Father? Obviously, men like Abraham and Moses who knew the LORD personally would have known He was not the Father. But when the LORD began to deal with Israel as a nation the people became frightened by His presence and backed off, “And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw it, they removed, and stood afar off.” (Exodus 20:18). They wanted Moses to be the intermediary and in doing this distanced themselves from the LORD, not out of awe and respect for Him, but out of fear for their own lives, “And they said unto Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will hear: but let not God speak with us, lest we die. And Moses said unto the people, Fear not: for God is come to prove you, and that his fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not. And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God was.” (Exodus 20:19-21). After that the LORD continued to deal with them through Moses and later through the prophets.
Israel Lost Sight of God
By insisting that Moses be the intermediary Israel declined to have any more face to face contact with the LORD their God. This lack of personal contact was a major factor in their estrangement from Him. The distance grew as their priests led them astray, “… my children are gone forth of me, and they are not: there is none to stretch forth my tent any more, and to set up my curtains. For the pastors are become brutish, and have not sought the LORD:” (Jeremiah 10:20-21).
Even during their sojourn in the wilderness many showed an eagerness to worship Baal, “And Israel abode in Shittim, and the people began to commit whoredom with the daughters of Moab. And they called the people unto the sacrifices of their gods: and the people did eat, and bowed down to their gods. And Israel joined himself unto Baalpeor: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel.” (Numbers 25:1-3). This is just one example of the multitude of spiritual whoredoms that plagued Israel throughout its history, “Thou hast built thy high place at every head of the way, and hast made thy beauty to be abhorred, and hast opened thy feet to every one that passed by, and multiplied thy whoredoms. Thou hast also committed fornication with the Egyptians thy neighbours, great of flesh; and hast increased thy whoredoms, to provoke me to anger.” (Ezekiel 16:25-26). Time and time again Israel drifted back into idolatry.
Israel was supposed to be an example to other nations, “Behold, I have taught you statutes and judgments, even as the LORD my God commanded me, that ye should do so in the land whither ye go to possess it. Keep therefore and do them; for this is your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the nations, which shall hear all these statutes, and say, Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people.” (Deuteronomy 4:5-6). And indeed they started off well when Levi was the priest (Malachi 2:4-6) but it did not last.
It was their sins that separated them from God, “But your iniquities have separated between you and your God, and your sins have hid his face from you, that he will not hear.” (Isaiah 59:2). They lost sight of what God wanted them to do, “And now, Israel, what doth the LORD thy God require of thee, but to fear the LORD thy God, to walk in all his ways, and to love him, and to serve the LORD thy God with all thy heart and with all thy soul,” (Deuteronomy 10:12). Tragically they could not see their LORD’s love for them, “I have loved you, saith the LORD. Yet ye say, Wherein hast thou loved us?” (Malachi 1:2). They did not realise that they lost honour and respect for the LORD their God and had come to despise him, “A son honoureth his father, and a servant his master: if then I be a father, where is mine honour? and if I be a master, where is my fear? saith the LORD of hosts unto you, O priests, that despise my name. And ye say, Wherein have we despised thy name?” (Malachi 1:6).
They profaned the name of God, “…for my name shall be great among the heathen, saith the LORD of hosts. But ye have profaned it, in that ye say, The table of the LORD is polluted; and the fruit thereof, even his meat, is contemptible.” (Malachi 1:11-12). The priests had led the nation astray, “Her priests have violated my law, and have profaned mine holy things: they have put no difference between the holy and profane, neither have they shewed difference between the unclean and the clean, and have hid their eyes from my sabbaths, and I am profaned among them.” (Ezekiel 22:26). Their religion had become such a wearisome bother to them that they no longer had respect for the sacrifices that foreshadowed the very sacrifice that would enable their salvation, “Ye said also, Behold, what a weariness is it! and ye have snuffed at it, saith the LORD of hosts; and ye brought that which was torn, and the lame, and the sick; thus ye brought an offering: should I accept this of your hand? saith the LORD.” (Malachi 1:13).
Israel Did Not Know God
Their actions made it clear that they did not want to know the LORD their God, “They will not frame their doings to turn unto their God: for the spirit of whoredoms is in the midst of them, and they have not known the LORD” (Hosea 5:4). Through various prophets the LORD told Israel that they lacked knowledge of Him, “Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the LORD hath spoken, I have nourished and brought up children, and they have rebelled against me. The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master’s crib: but Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider.” (Isaiah 1:2-3). Over time the people of Israel had lost their perception and understanding, “And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not”. (Isaiah 6:9). They no longer knew the LORD,“…and they know not me, saith the LORD.” (Jeremiah 9:3). Nor did they know His ways, “Therefore I said, Surely these are poor; they are foolish: for they know not the way of the LORD, nor the judgment of their God.” (Jeremiah 5:4). And their ignorance led them to foolishness, “For my people is foolish, they have not known me; they are sottish children, and they have none understanding: they are wise to do evil, but to do good they have no knowledge.” (Jeremiah 4:22).
Foolishly they killed the prophets that their LORD had sent to them, “… ye are the children of them which killed the prophets.” (Mathew 23:31). Tragically over the centuries Israel’s knowledge of the LORD had become corrupted and they no longer understood that the LORD and the Father were two separate divine beings.
Their Minds Were Blinded
By Christ’s time the religious leaders of the remnant of Israel had clearly lost a great deal of understanding. When talking to Nicodemus, a Pharisee and ruler of the Jews, Christ had to point out his lack of understanding, “Jesus answered and said unto him (Nicodemus), Art thou a master of Israel, and knowest not these things?” (John 3:10). They had become blinded to the true meaning of what Moses had written, “But their minds were blinded: for until this day remaineth the same vail untaken away in the reading of the old testament; which vail is done away in Christ. But even unto this day, when Moses is read, the vail is upon their heart.” (II Corinthians 3:14-15). It was also evident that the Saducees lacked understanding of the scriptures as well, “Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God.” (Matthew 22:29).
The Apostle Paul, a former Pharisee himself, bore witness of their spiritual state, “For I bear them (Israel) record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge. For they being ignorant of God’s righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God.” (Romans 10:2-3). Not only had they lost sight of who their God was they had little understanding of His true nature. Being ignorant of God’s righteousness they had established their own righteousness based on meticulous obedience to a complexity of their own laws and traditions, “Making the word of God of none effect through your tradition, which ye have delivered: and many such like things do ye.” (Mark 7:13)
In previous ages the Father's word was conveyed to mankind through the LORD (the Word) their creator. And because Israel requested a human intermediary the LORD conveyed His words to them through human prophets. Since the coming of Christ the word of God has been conveyed by Him, “God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds;” (Hebrews 1:1-2 NKJV). He always was and still is the spokesman of the Godhead.
Christ came with the full authority of the Godhead (Colossians 2:9). When He started his ministry He confirmed His authority through the miracles and wonders that no man could perform. Nicodemus a Pharisee and ruler of the Jews recognised this, “Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that thou doest, except God be with him.” (John 3:2). Christ came to reveal the Father and to bring good news about His plan of salvation. But the Jews did not recognise that Christ was the LORD their God and consequently crucified Him.
Neither the Father, Nor the LORD
Jesus Christ repeatedly pointed out that the Jews knew neither God the Father, nor His Son, “Then cried Jesus in the temple as he taught, saying, Ye both know me, and ye know whence I am: and I am not come of myself, but he that sent me is true, whom ye know not. But I know him: for I am from him, and he hath sent me.” (John 7:28-29). Their perception and understanding of God was flawed, “Jesus answered, Ye neither know me, nor my Father: if ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also.” (John 8:19). They did not know the Father, “...it is my Father that honoureth me; of whom ye say, that he is your God: Yet ye have not known him;” (John 8:54-55). They did not believe that Christ had been sent by God the Father, “...because they know not him that sent me.” (John 15:21). And it was that lack of understanding that caused them to hate Christ and consequently to hate the Father, “He that hateth me hateth my Father also. If I had not done among them the works which none other man did, they had not had sin: but now have they both seen and hated both me and my Father.” (John 15:23-24).
Over the centuries the Jews’ perception of God had become flawed to the extent that they longer understand the concept of God being more than one divine being. They had come to think that the LORD was the Father and were blinded to the fact that it was the LORD their God who had come to them as the Son of God to reveal the Father to them. Christ knew that their lack of knowledge would lead them to persecute both Him and His followers, “They shall put you out of the synagogues: yea, the time cometh, that whosoever killeth you will think that he doeth God service. And these things will they do unto you, because they have not known the Father, nor me..” (John 16:2-3). Eventually they killed Him as they had the prophets who had been sent previously (Matthew 5:12, 23:29-31).
To this day that veil of blindness remains! The Jews are not a reliable source of information if we want to learn about God because they don’t know Him. Similarly many who claim to be Christians do not know their God. They are confused! Like the Jews most of them believe that the God of the Old Testament is the Father and many believe the Holy Spirit to be a third member of the Godhead. These beliefs cannot be supported biblically.
Christ Revealed the Father
Jesus Christ the Son of God was sent to reveal the Father to those who were prepared to believe, “All things are delivered to me of my Father: and no man knoweth who the Son is, but the Father; and who the Father is, but the Son, and he to whom the Son will reveal him.” (Luke 10:22). On three separate occasions as we have already mentioned the Father spoke to those who believed to confirm Christ’s authority. And it is only through Christ that the Father is revealed, “All things are delivered unto me of my Father: and no man knoweth the Son, but the Father; neither knoweth any man the Father, save the Son, and he to whomsoever the Son will reveal him” (Matthew 11:27). Only those to whom the Father has been revealed really know Him.
Christ relayed the very words of the Father to His disciples, “I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world… …For I have given unto them the words which thou gavest me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came out from thee, and they have believed that thou didst send me.” (John 17:6-8). He spoke of the Father’s righteous nature, “O righteous Father, the world hath not known thee: but I have known thee, and these have known that thou hast sent me.” (John 17:25). And in Himself He revealed the Father’s nature by His own conduct, “...he that hath seen me hath seen the Father” (John 14:9). He said, “Believe me that I am in the Father, and the Father in me” (John 14:11). Also, “I and my Father are one.” (John 10:30). Christ and the Father are two separate beings that comprise the one God (Godhead). In that sense they are one!
Just as the Godhead comprising Christ and the Father is one God, the church is one body comprising many members, “For as the body is one, and hath many members, and all the members of that one body, being many, are one body: so also is Christ.” (I Corinthians 12: 12). Christ prayed that they too would be one as He and His Father are one, “That they may be one, as we are One” (John 17:11, 21). They are one because the same divine, holy, righteous, spiritual nature is in both of them.
Refused to Believe
Not only did the Jews lack understanding about the nature of God, they did not believe what they had been told through Moses, “For had ye believed Moses, ye would have believed me: for he wrote of me. But if ye believe not his writings, how shall ye believe my words?” (John 5:46-47). Neither did they believe the prophets, “Then he (Christ) said unto them, O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken:” (Luke 24:25). Nor what they revealed about the LORD, “Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the LORD revealed?” (Isaiah 53:1).
Christ also knew that they would not believe Him when He did reveal the Father to them, “Art thou the Christ? tell us. And he said unto them, If I tell you, ye will not believe:” (Luke 22:67). They would accept neither His word, nor the evidence of His works, “Jesus answered them, I told you, and ye believed not: the works that I do in my Father’s name, they bear witness of me.” (John 10:25). He told them to at least believe the works, but still they would not believe, “If I do not the works of my Father, believe me not. But if I do, though ye believe not me, believe the works: that ye may know, and believe, that the Father is in me, and I in him.” (John 10:37-38. Because they did not believe the physical evidence of His works He knew that they would not believe the spiritual things He would reveal about His Father, “If I have told you earthly things, and ye believe not, how shall ye believe, if I tell you of heavenly things?” (John 3:12).
Many Do Not Know Who Christ Was
Just as there was confusion among the Jews in Christ’s time there is confusion today among those who claim to be Christian as to whom the Father is and who Christ was. No one can truly understand the spiritual things of God without receiving His Holy Spirit, “For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God.” (I Corinthians 2:11).
Some maintain that Christ did not exist prior to His human birth. But John the Baptist clearly said that Christ came from heaven, “He (Christ) that cometh from above is above all: he that is of the earth is earthly, and speaketh of the earth: he that cometh from heaven is above all.” (John 3:31). He likened himself to bread sent from Heaven, “...my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven. For the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world.” (John 6:32-33). Christ himself said, “… I am the bread of life:… …For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of him that sent me.” (John 6:35 and 38).
Although begotten by the Holy Spirit and born of a woman, there is no escaping the fact that Christ came from heaven. Clearly He existed in Heaven as a spirit being prior to being born on earth as a human being. Just before His crucifixion Christ prayed, “And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.” (John 17:5). Christ knew where He was from, “...for I know whence I came, and whither I go; but ye cannot tell whence I come, and whither I go.” (John 8:14). He told the Jews, “Ye are from beneath; I am from above: ye are of this world; I am not of this world.” (John 8:23). But they did not believe Him.
In the Book of John Christ said that Father 'sent' or 'hast sent' him no less than forty two times. In almost every case the original Greek word is either 'pempo' (Strongs 3992) which means to be despatched, or 'apostello' (Strongs 649) which means to send out, or send forth. Both of these Greek words imply being despatched, or sent, from a point of origin. It is important to understand that it was the Word who was sent from Heaven to become Christ on earth. When he came the world did not recognise Him, nor did those whom He had established as a nation to be an example to the world, “He was in the world, and the world was made by Him and the world knew Him not. He came unto his own, and his own received him not” (John 1:10-11). Neither the Jews, nor the majority of Christians today really understand who the God of the Old Testament was.
If further proof is needed to confirm that Christ was the LORD their God it is contained in many of the prophecies and statements made by the LORD Himself. For example He told Israel that He was the ‘first’ and the ‘last’, “Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God.” (Isaiah 44:6). It was the LORD, the first and last, who created this world, “Hearken unto me, O Jacob and Israel, my called; I am he; I am the first, I also am the last. Mine hand also hath laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand hath spanned the heavens: when I call unto them, they stand up together.” (Isaiah 48:l2-13). It was the LORD, the first and the last, who dealt with mankind from the beginning, “Who hath wrought and done it, calling the generations from the beginning? I the LORD, the first, and with the last; I am he.” (Isaiah 41:4).
The LORD was the member of the Godhead who implemented the creation and engaged directly with mankind. In the vision that John saw on the Isle of Patmos Christ said that He was the first and the last, which in Greek is expressed as alpha and omega, “I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.” (Revelation 1:8). John wrote, “And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he (Christ) laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last:” (Revelation 1:17). And when talking about His return Christ told John, “I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end.” (Revelation 22:13). Both the LORD and Jesus Christ called themselves the ‘first’ and the ‘last’ because Christ had previously been the LORD.
The LORD told Isaiah that He (the LORD) was going to be a stumbling stone and rock of offence to Israel, shall be “And he (the LORD of hosts) shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem. And many among them shall stumble, and fall, and be broken, and be snared, and be taken.” (Isaiah 8:14-15). According to the Apostle Peter that stone that cause the remnant of Israel that dwelt in Jerusalem to stumble was Jesus Christ, “… a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed” (I Peter 2:8). He was the stone they rejected, “And he beheld them, and said, What is this then that is written, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner? Whosoever shall fall upon that stone shall be broken; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.” (Luke 20:17-18, see also Isaiah 28:16 and Daniel 2:45).
Christ was the chief cornerstone on which the Church is built, “And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone;” (Ephesians 2:20). The stone at which the Jews stumbled, “But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness. Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone; As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.” (Romans 9:31-33).
They stumbled because of their obsession for physical legalities rather than the more important spiritual matters such as faith, “Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone.” (Matthew 23:23). Christ said that He did not come to do away with the law as some teach, “Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.” (Matthew 5:17-18).
He went on through the remainder of that chapter and the next two to teach the spiritual aspects of the law. But the religious authorities took no notice. Later in the twenty third chapter of Matthew Christ severely rebukes them for the way they were keeping the law. He said they were spiritually desolate (Matthew 23:38). As Paul explained, man is saved by faith, “Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law.” (Romans 3:28). But obedience to the law is still required, “Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.” (verse 31). Faith is belief. They kept the law but they lacked faith.
Just before Israel went into the promised land Moses gave the Israelites a song in praise of the LORD their God who led them out of Egypt and through the wilderness. It says, “He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he.” (Deuteronomy 32:4). The Apostle Paul confirmed Christ to be that Rock, “Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; And did all eat the same spiritual meat; And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ. But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness.” (I Corinthians 10:1-5).
Redeemer and Saviour
King David also referred to the LORD whom he knew as his rock and saviour, “The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; The God of my rock; in him will I trust: he is my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my refuge, my saviour; thou savest me from violence.” (II Samuel 22:2-3). He also said, “For who is God, save the LORD? and who is a rock, save our God (Elohim)?” (II Samuel 22:32). Also “The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, and my high tower.” (Psalm 18:2). Through the prophet Isaiah the LORD said, “…thou shalt know that I the LORD am thy Saviour and thy Redeemer” (Isaiah 60:16). Isaiah also called the God of Israel the Saviour, “Verily thou are a God that hidest thyself, O God of Israel, the Saviour.” (Isaiah 45:15). The LORD their God is both the saviour and redeemer.
He is the saviour whom God the Father sent from Heaven to this world as His son, “And we have seen and do testify that the Father sent the Son to be the Saviour of the world.” (I John 4:14). Jesus Christ is the saviour, “For our conversation is in heaven; from whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ:” (Philippians 3:20). The Samaritans recognised who He was. They said to the woman at the well, “…Now we believe, not because of thy saying: for we have heard him ourselves, and know that this is indeed the Christ, the Saviour of the world.” (John 4:42). Titus said that our God and saviour is Jesus Christ, “…awaiting our blessed hope, the appearing of the glory of our great god and savior Jesus Christ, who gave himself for us to redeem us from all iniquity and to purify for himself a people of his own who are zealous for good deeds.” (Titus 2:13-14 RSV). Titus quite correctly refers to Christ as our great God because He was the Word who was and still is, part of the divine Godhead (John 1:1).
Way Prepared for the LORD
The LORD said that someone would prepare the way for Him, “The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway for our God.” (Isaiah 40:3).
John the Baptist was that voice crying out in the wilderness to prepare the way for the LORD who came as Jesus Christ, “For this is he that was spoken of by the prophet Esaias, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight. And the same John had his raiment of camel’s hair, and a leathern girdle about his loins; and his meat was locusts and wild honey.” (Matthew 3:3-4 see also Mark 1:3, Luke 3:4 and John 1:23). Zacharias knew that his son John the Baptist would prepare the way of the LORD when he said, “And thou, child, shalt be called the prophet of the Highest: for thou shalt go before the face of the Lord to prepare his ways;” (Luke 1:76). He prepared the way for the LORD who came as the Christ.
The LORD also said in the first person that He (the LORD) will lead His people as a shepherd, “…I lead them: I will cause them to walk by the rivers of waters in a straight way, wherein they shall not stumble: for I am a father to Israel, and Ephraim is my firstborn. Hear the word of the LORD, O ye nations, and declare it in the isles afar off, and say, He that scattered Israel will gather him, and keep him, as a shepherd doth his flock. For the LORD hath redeemed Jacob, and ransomed him from the hand of him that was stronger than he.” (Jeremiah 31:9-11) [Although He said He was the father of Israel He did not say that He was God the Father. He was a father in the sense of a divine patriarch, or founder of the nation].
King David said He was a shepherd, “The LORD is my shepherd” (Psalm 23:1). Isaiah said that the LORD will be like a shepherd when He comes to redeem Israel, “Behold, the Lord GOD will come with strong hand, and his arm shall rule for him: behold, his reward is with him, and his work before him. He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his bosom, and shall gently lead those that are with young.” (Isaiah 40:10-11).
The LORD used terms such as ‘my sheep’, ‘my flock’ when He said, “As a shepherd seeketh out his flock in the day that he is among his sheep that are scattered; so will I seek out my sheep, and will deliver them out of all places where they have been scattered in the cloudy and dark day. And I will bring them out from the people, and gather them from the countries, and will bring them to their own land, and feed them upon the mountains of Israel by the rivers, and in all the inhabited places of the country. I will feed them in a good pasture, and upon the high mountains of Israel shall their fold be: there shall they lie in a good fold, and in a fat pasture shall they feed upon the mountains of Israel. I will feed my flock, and I will cause them to lie down, saith the Lord God ” (Ezekiel 34:12-15). This is something that the
LORD will do personally.
Jesus Christ said He was able to fulfil the role of shepherd because He was the LORD, “I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.” (John 10:11). As their saviour and redeemer He gave His life to save His sheep, “Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ; Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.” (Titus 2:13-14). He told the disciples to feed His flock until He, the chief shepherd, returns, “Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind; Neither as being lords over God’s heritage, but being ensamples to the flock. And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away.” (I Peter 5:2-4). How can Christ fulfil a role that is the LORD’S unless He is LORD!
The I AM
When dealing with Israel the LORD their God identified Himself as the I AM, “And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.” (Exodus 3:14). The following verse (15) clearly states that this was the LORD their God who said He was I AM, “And God said moreover unto Moses, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this is my name for ever, and this is my memorial unto all generations.” (Exodus 3:15).
Christ also used the term ‘I am’ in reference to Himself on several occasions, “Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw it, and was glad. Then said the Jews unto him, Thou art not yet fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham? Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am.” (John 8:56-58). Again in the following verses when asked to identify Himself Christ said He was I am, “They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I am he. And Judas also, which betrayed him, stood with them. As soon then as he had said unto them, I am he, they went backward, and fell to the ground. Then asked he them again, Whom seek ye? And they said, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus answered, I have told you that I am he: if therefore ye seek me, let these go their way:” (John 18:5-8 see also John 8:28). The word “he” in many versions is shown in italics to indicate that it was not in the original text and had been added by the translators. It was added because the translators did not really understand who Christ was, or what He was saying. When He referred to Himself as ‘I am’ the Jews fell over backwards in surprise. They were shocked that Christ had used for Himself a name reserved for the LORD their God. There is no other reason that would cause them to fall – they were literally knocked off their feet in response to what Christ said!
To be Fulfilled by the LORD
Throughout the Old Testament there are a number of prophesies in which the LORD used the personal pronoun 'I' to indicate that He will accomplish certain actions Himself. These actions we see either have been or will be carried out by Jesus Christ.
The LORD said He will personally defeat His enemies, “Therefore saith the Lord, the LORD of hosts, the mighty One of Israel, Ah, I will ease me of mine adversaries, and avenge me of mine enemies:” (Isaiah 1:24). He also said, “… I will punish the world for their evil, and the wicked for their iniquity; and I will cause the arrogancy of the proud to cease, and will lay low the haughtiness of the terrible.” (Isaiah 13:11). It was the LORD who uttered these prophecies in the first person to indicate that He will fulfil them Himself.
The LORD said that He will destroy the nations at a time in the future after the inhabitants of Jerusalem had pierced Him (the LORD). And they will mourn for Him in regret for what they did, “And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will seek to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem. And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him…” (Zechariah 12:9-10).
Zechariah said that the LORD will come to this earth with all His saints, “...and the LORD my God shall come, and all the saints with thee.” (Zechariah 14:5 see also Daniel 7:27). He said that He will fight the nations on the Day of the Lord, “Behold, the day of the LORD cometh...” (Zechariah 14:1). And, “Then shall the LORD go forth, and fight against those nations...” (Zechariah 14:3). At that time He shall stand on the Mount of Olives, “...And his (the LORD's) feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east...” (Zechariah 14:4).
After this the LORD will establish His government on earth, “And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the LORD’S house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it. And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem. And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.” (Isaiah 2:1-4).
And He will rule the earth, “And the LORD shall be king over all the earth: in that day shall there be one LORD, and his name one.” (Zechariah 14:9). He will rule the nations He defeats, “And if the family of Egypt go not up, and come not, that have no rain; there shall be the plague, wherewith the LORD will smite the heathen that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles. This shall be the punishment of Egypt, and the punishment of all nations that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles.” (Zechariah 14:18-19).
According to Moses the LORD is God of gods, and Lord of lords, “For the LORD your God is God of gods, and Lord of lords…” (Deuteronomy 10:17). It is the LORD their God, the Lord of lords who will come with all His saints to the Mount of Olives to establish His government over all the earth. He said that He will accomplish all these things Himself.
King of Kings and Lord of Lords
In the prophetic Book of Revelation we see that the Word will implement the wrath of God at the end of this age, “And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God… …And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.” (Revelation 19:13,15). It is the Word who from the beginning was with God and was God (John 1:1) who is identified as King of Kings and Lord of Lords, “And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.” (Revelation 19:16). If the Word is to rule the earth as King of kings and Lord of lords then He is to accomplish the things that the LORD said He would personally do Himself.
The same titles of the LORD (Deuteronomy 10:17), accredited to the Word (Revelation 19:16), have also been accredited to Jesus Christ, “...until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ: Which in his times he shall shew, who is the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings, and Lord of lords;” (1Timothy 6:14-15).
Jesus Christ whom John the Baptist identified as the Word and the Lamb of God (John 1.14, 29 and 36) is the Lord of lords, “These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful.” (Revelation 17:14).
Shall Stand on the Mount of Olives
Two angelic beings witnessed that Jesus Christ will descend from heaven in like manner to which He ascended. He ascended from the Mount of Olives and will like wise return to the Mount of Olives, “And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight. And while they looked stedfastly toward heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel; Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven. Then returned they unto Jerusalem from the mount called Olivet, which is from Jerusalem a sabbath day’s journey.” (Acts 1:9-12).
With All His Saints
When Christ descends He will be accompanied by His saints, “To the end he may stablish your hearts unblameable in holiness before God, even our Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ with all his saints.” (I Thessalonians 3:13). With whom He will rule this earth, “And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years.” (Revelation 20:4). And judge the world, “Do ye not know that the saints shall judge the world?” (1Corinthians 6:2).
Christ has been given the task of judging, “…for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ.” (Romans 14:10). It is Jesus Christ who is to come with His saints to judge mankind, “To the end he may stablish your hearts unblameable in holiness before God, even our Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ with all his saints.” (I Thessalonians 3:13). After which He will offer up the Kingdom to God the Father (I Corinthians 15:24-28). This was prophesied by Enoch while Adam was still alive, “And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints, To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.” (Jude 14-15).
King Over All the Earth
Jesus Christ who will put down all rule and authority and power that opposes Him during the Day of the Lord, “And I beheld when he (Christ) had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood; And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind. And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places. And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains; And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb: For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?” (Revelation 6:12-17). The Day of the Lord is described in greater detail in Revelation chapters 9 through to 19.
Avenge Me of Mine Enemies
Jesus Christ will put all enemies under His feet including the enemy of death itself, “Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power. For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet. The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death. For he hath put all things under his feet. But when he saith all things are put under him, it is manifest that he (the Father) is excepted, which did put all things under him. And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him (the Father) that put all things under him, that God may be all in all.” (I Corinthians 15:24-28).
He Whom They Pierced
He is the one whom the inhabitants of Jerusalem pierced, “But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.” (John 19:34 see also verse 37). And when the inhabitants of Jerusalem are resurrected they will have to repent of their actions.
The LORD is the Christ
The only way Christ is able to fulfil the things that the LORD prophesied He would accomplish Himself is because He is the LORD! No one other than Christ has seen the Father. The LORD was seen and heard therefore He cannot be the Father. He must have existed with the Father. The Word existed with the Father from the beginning. Christ has been identified as the Word therefore He existed as the Word prior to His human birth. The LORD, the Word and Christ are all credited with creating the world. They were not three separate beings. The LORD, the Word and Christ are one divine being. Christ was the Word who was also known as the LORD and He will by His own testimony fulfil the things that the LORD said He would accomplish Himself, “For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book (Revelation), If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book: And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.” (Revelation 22:18-19).
The Jews’ lack of belief prompted Isaiah to say, “Who hath believed our report?” (Isaiah 53:1). Christ also marvelled at their lack of belief, “And he marvelled because of their unbelief.” (Mark 6:6). They stumbled because of it, “For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them (Jews): but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it. For we which have believed do enter into rest… … Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief.” (Hebrews 4:2-3, 11). To this day the Jews still maintain that the LORD their God is the Father. And sadly many who claim to be Christian believe that the Father was the God of the Old Testament. Christ knew that belief would still be a problem at the end of this age, “Nevertheless when the Son of man cometh, shall he find faith on the earth?” (Luke 18:8). Faith includes belief.
To deny that Christ existed prior to His human birth and that He was the Word, who created this world and will fulfil the prophesies that the LORD promised to fulfil Himself, is to deny the very testimony of Christ. This sort of denial is described as being antichrist, “He is antichrist, that denieth the Father and the Son.” (I John 2:22).
We have seen that in ancient times the God who spoke to many and was seen by some was not God the Father. It was the Word who later became Jesus Christ our Lord and saviour. He was the LORD or Yehovah of Israel and was part of the Godhead along with God the Father. When Jesus Christ told the religious authorities of His day who questioned His credentials, that they had never seen, nor heard God the Father He was correct. They had never seen or heard the Father. No man had even seen the Father, but some who believed Christ did hear His voice on the three occasions when He bore witness of Him.
Jesus Christ is the Word who created all things and established the nation of Israel through His friend Abraham. It was the LORD who emptied Himself of all glory and power to come to this earth as the Messiah to reveal the Father and to be sacrificed for the salvation of mankind. He then returned to the Father in Heaven from where He came. He is the Christ who will return to confront the nations at the end of this age and carry out all that He had formerly promised to do.
We know this because we have the sure and true testimony of Jesus Christ whose authority was confirmed by the Father to those who believe.